Colitis is inflammation of the colon. Colitis is often triggered by stressful situations or dietary indiscretions that allow for bacterial overgrowths. Parasites can also trigger colitis! It is important to do diagnostic testing to determine the cause of colitis to prevent reoccurance. We treat using various medications and supportive care based on the severity of the case.


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Allergy Dermatitis

Allergy dermatitis, also known as atopic dermatitis is when common, otherwise harmless substances or foods cause an overreactive response in the pet. This can cause redness, irritation, itching, and bacterial overgrowth if left untreated. There are some tests that can be done to get to the root cause of the allergy if inhalant allergy is suspected. If the route of allergy testing is taken there are allergen specific immunotherapy that can be done to lessen the sensitivity the pet has to the allergens. This is done over a length of time and may be needed life-long. There is also the option of anti-allergy drugs such as antihistamines, steroids, cyclosporin, and oclacitinib. However some of these medications can cause side effects when used long-term. A medication free way to help with allergies is to avoid exposure to allergen triggers. Unfortunately this can be difficult to near impossible for many pets depending on what causes their allergen response. Another option, if food allergy is suspected over inhalant allergy, is a prescription hypoallergenic food trial. It is important to use a prescription hypoallergenic diet for food trials, not over the counter, because thprescription diets have been specially formulated for allergy pets and contain only the protein listed on the bag.

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Here at Royal Oaks we take anesthesia very seriously. Which is why we take so many precautions. First, we always require current pre-anesthetic bloodwork. This allows us to see if the pet is healthy enough for anesthesia. Before anything is done, the doctor does an exam and administers a mixture of light premedications that help the pet relax for catheter placement and induction and helps alleviate any pain. An IV catheter is placed to administer induction medications as well as for fluids to be administered for the duration of the procedure. IV fluids are administered while under anesthesia to help keep the pet's blood pressure from rising and also gives an access point to administer emergency medications should the need arise. While under anesthesia, pets are monitored extensively. A trained technician monitors all vitals and keeps a written records of all values for the duration of the procedure. Thanks to modern technology we have a machine that monitors and detects changes and alerts the attending technician and doctor. For maintenance we use isoflurane with oxygen. The amount is adjusted based on the pet's response. We also use a water filled heating pad to keep the pet's temperature within normal range. A trained technician remains by the pet's side before, during, and after the procedure until the pet is fully recovered, sitting up on their own and stable. 

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Dry eye

Dry eye is a condition where there is a deficiency in the water portion of tear film leaving oil and mucus. This lack of essential tear production is what causes irritation.  To diagnose dry eye we perform a test called the Schirmer Tear Test that indicates the quantity of tears are being produced by each eye. To treat dry eye we use a topical form of cyclosporine. The reason we use an immunosuppressant drug is to suppress the immune destruction of the tear duct that adds to dry eye symptoms. Majority of the time medication is needed long term. 


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Pancreatitis is a subject we have mentioned before, but it bears repeating this holiday season. Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. Sounds simple, but the reality is the inflammation causes many serious side effects that can develop into something more serious if treatment isn't started as soon as possible. Pancreatitis can be caused by rich, fatty foods which is why it is very important to avoid giving your pets tablescraps and over-treating all together. It may be hard to resist the "sad puppy" and "sad kitty" faces, but it is important for their overall health.

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Fireworks Phobia!

Fireworks Phobia!
With the celebration of our great nation's Independence Day rapidly approaching it is time to prepare for the possibility of fireworks phobia! This is an issue that affects many of our furry friends. There are some things you can do to help prevent or minimize some of the fear experienced during this time. You can try working with your pet to desensitize them to the loud sounds of the fireworks by distracting them with their favorite treats or games. Sometimes this helps them associate the sounds of fireworks with a positive experience. Another medication-free option is the thunder shirt! It works similarly to swaddling a baby. By applying light pressure, like a hug, it can help pets feel safe and secure. There are also synthetic pheromone sprays that can offer some relief of mild anxiety symptoms. We also offer an herbal relaxant called Composure chews! Sometimes despite our best efforts, when medication-free options aren't offering enough relief for our pets, a medication therapy may be recommended. Its important to speak with your veterinarian before fireworks begin so you have everything you need already on hand. Don't wait until your pet is showing signs of anxiety to intervene. If you know fireworks are going to be set off, give your pets their medication prior to the start to help tme have a much more pleasant experience overall. If you have any questions or are concerned your pet may need medication therapy for fireworks phobia, please give us a call at 352-243-8043 

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When is it an emergency?

When is it an emergency? 
Often times it can be difficult to decide when a situation is truly an emergemcy. If you're concerned it is ALWAYS a good idea to call your vet. They can help you determine if you need to come in immediately. If it's after hospital hours there are emergency clinics you can call as well. However, if your pet is experiencing any of the following it is an emergency and they should immediately be brought in to be seen: 
-lack of breathing/heartbeat 
-unconsciousness or not waking up 
-vomiting or having diarrhea for over 24hrs 
-suspected broken bones 
-difficulty breathing 
-showing signs of extreme pain (wincing, whining, can be aggressive from pain) 
-is currently having or has had a seizure 
-collapsing suddenly or inability to walk/get up 
-suspect ingesting something toxic (rat poison, cleaning chemicals, etc) 
-swollen abdomen that is also hare to the touch and trying to vomit/gagging. 
-suddenlay becoming disoriented and bumping into things 
-symptoms of heat stroke 
-inability or straining to urinate
-bleeding from the eyes, nose, or mouth or having blood in vomit, urine or stool. 

If you notice any of these symptoms head to the closest veterinary hospital. It is very important to act quickly and to not hesitate. The sooner you bring your pet in the sooner the vet can assess and treat your pet. 
Our hospital is open from 7:30a-6p Monday to Friday, Saturday 7:30a-1p (1 Saturday of the month we do not have a doctor in hospital. Please call prior to coming in on Saturday's).
For questions regarding your pet during business hours please call us at (352)243-8043
For after hours emergencies you can call (407)644-4449

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Protecting your pet from the scorching Summer sun!

Tips for protecting your pet from the Summer sun!

Summertime means lots of outdoor activities and adventures. If you plan on bringing your pet along on your outdoor excursions they may be at risk for sun burns! The best way to avoid UV exposure is, of course, to avoid going out into the sun between 10am-3pm. If you cannot do that, you can apply sunscreen. You can use some brands of human sunscreen, but make sure to read the labels carefully to ensure there are no labels about ingesting. Those sunscreens with warnings about ingestion can contain harmful chemicals. It is very important to use a pets only brand of sunscreen on cats. Cats are very sensitive. Another alternative to avoiding the sun & using sun screen is to use UV protective clothing! There are lots of ways to have fun and stay safe this summer!!

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Giardia is a protozoan parasite that is zoonotic, meaning it can infect both humans and animals. Giardia is contracted by ingested contaminated contaminated water or licking fur of an infected animal. Giardia can cause diarrhea, but it doesn't always. Pets who test positive and exhibit no symptoms should still be treated to prevent contaminationof environment and spreading to humans. There are a few ways to test for Giardia; fecal floats, fecal smears, and now we even have a snap test that gives results within 10 minutes. 

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Summer Safety Tips

Summer Safety Tips! 
Today is the first day of summer! Here are a few tips to help keep you pets happy and healthy during the hot and sunny season. 
•Make sure to keep your pets hydrated and always have fresh, clean water available to help avoid dehydration. 
•Keep pets off of cement and asphalt. The scorching temperatures can cause it to burn your pets paws! 
•Always supervise your pets in pools and any bodies of water. 
•NEVER leave your pet unattended in a parked car that is off. Even with the windows cracked temperatures still rise rapidly and pets can overheat and die! 
•Keep table scraps to a minimum. We all love a good BBQ, but many of the foods we enjoy can make our pets sick. 
•Be cautious of new, unknown grassy areas; there can potentially be harmful pesticides or chemicals used to treat it. 
•Be sure to keep your pets safely secured inside during your Fourth of July celebrations. Fireworks are often very frightening for pets and can cause them to try to run away to hide. 

We we hope you find these tips useful and have a safe & happy summer!

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Leptospirosis is a disease caused by contact in a wound with infected urine or water contaminated with infected urine.This disease causes fever, loss of appetite, excessive drinking, jaundice, and excessive bleeding. It is also transferrable to humans!! Leptospirosis is treatable with antibiotics, but requires immediate attention from your vet to prevent it from getting worse.


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Veterinarian Appreciation Day

As well as being Father's Day, June 18th was also Veterinarian Appreciation Day! At Royal Oaks we are so lucky to have 2 of the most compassionate, intelligent, amazing veterinarians attending to our patients. Dr. Dwyer and Dr. Giangreco constantly go above and beyond for their patients and their passion for what they do shines through. We are so thankful for you guys and for what you do for our patients and for us!

                                                                     Thank you Dr. Dwyer and Dr. Giangreco!!!! 

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Thunderstorm Anxiety

With summertime in Florida making its arrival in Florida, thunderstorms are a near daily occurance. Many animals suffer from thunderstorm anxiety. Luckily, there are many options for managing symptoms. For pets who experience mild to moderate symptoms you can try creating a "safe haven" for them to access at all times to help them feel safe and secure. The Thundershit is another medication-free option you can try. Unfortunately some pet's experience severe symptoms of thunderstorm anxiety and require medication therapy to manage their symptoms. If  you suspect your pet is experiencing thunderstorm anxiety you should speak with your veterinarian to have them help you determine what therapy is the best option for your pet.


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Hepatic Lipidosis

Hepatic Lipidosis, also known as fatty liver syndrome occurs when an obese cat loses weight too rapidly. Usually we rejoice when our full-bodied feline friends shed a few pounds, but when it happens too rapidly they can become very ill. Often times owners won't notice an issue until the cat stops eating or begins vomiting. It is crucial to have cats who are rapidly losing weight or not eating normally evaluated by your veterinarian. If caught early enough, with supportive care they can recover most of the time. High-protein diets, IV fluids, and in some serious cases a feeding tube are used to treat hepatic lipidosis.

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Canine Influenza

Canine influenzais a highly contagious virus that has been rapidly spreading over the years. We now offer a vaccination for the canine influenza and recommend that all dogs who are going to boarding, grooming, or dog parks to be vaccinated. Canine influenza is highly contagious and 80% of dogs who contract the virus show symptoms. Symptoms of canine influenza include lethargy, inappetence, coughing, and nasal discharge. Unlike the human flu, canine influenza can be contracted year round. If you suspect your dog has contracted canine influenza it is important to have them assessed by your veterinarian to determine the best course of action. It's important to note that it can take 2-3 weeks for dogs to recover from this illness with supportive care like medications and fluids. 

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Royal Oaks Veterinary Hospital

Located at:

2105 Hartwood Marsh Road,
Suites 1 & 2
Clermont, FL 34711


Monday - Friday, 7:30 a.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Saturday, 7:30 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.